Terminology

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Important Terms.

In the Dojo.

Punches.

Blocks.

Kicking Techniques.

Tournament Terms.

Techniques.

Smashing Techniques.

Counting.

Stances.

Miscellaneous Terms.

 

 

Important Terms.

Enbusen = Performance Line of kata

Kyu = Rank or student grade

Dan = Step, rank and instructor grade.

Rei = Bow

Sensei Ni Rei = Salutation to the instructor

Sempai Ni Rei = Salutation to each other

Budo = "The Martial Arts"

Karate-do = The art of karate

Karateka = Person who practices karate-do

Dojo = Place of the way, Training Room

Kiai = Ki-ai, The Kiai = Spirit

together, combined

Oss = The word of words.

Zanshin = Remaining spirit

 

 

 

In the Dojo.

 

Sensei = Teacher, Instructor

Shihan = Master, instructor of higher rank.

Sempai =One's Senior

Gi or Dogi = outfit, Karate suit

Mokuso  = Meditation

Seiza = Sit straight, on ones heels

 

 

Punches.

Age-zuki = Rising punch

Choku-zuki = Straight punch

Gyaku-zuki = Reverse punch

Jun-zuki = Follow punch

Kagi-zuki = Hook Punch

Kizami-zuki = Jab punch, lunge jab

Morote-zuki = Double fisted punch

Mawashi-zuki = Roundhouse punch

Oi-zuki = Pursuing punch, lunge punch

Tate-zuki = Vertical punch, Thumb upwards

Ura-zuki = Uppercut

Yumi-zuki = Bow punch

Yama-zuki = Mountain punch

 

 

 

Blocks. - Uke waza

 

 

Age-uke = Rising block

Haiwan-uke = Block with back of forearm

Gedan-barai = Low block

Haito-uke = Sword ridge block thumb side

Haishu-uke = Back hand block

Morote-uke = Double arm block reinforced

Hiji-barai = Elbow sweeping block

Jiju-uke = Cross block

Kakiwake-uke = Push aside block

Kakuto = Crane head block

Otoshi = Dropping block

Shuto-uke = Sword hand block

Soto-ude-uke = Outside inside block

Uchi-ude-uke = Inside outside block

Yama-uke = Mountain Block

 

 

 

Kicking Techniques. - Keri/Geri waza

 

Ashi-barai = Foot sweep

Fumikomi = Stamping kick

Hiza-geri = Knee kick

Mae-geri = Front kick

Mawashi-geri = Roundhouse kick

Ren-geri = Alternate kicking

Mae-tobi-geri = Jumping front kick

Ushiro-geri = Back kick

Ura-mawashi-geri = Reverse side roundhouse kick

Ushiro-mawashi-geri = Backwards roundhouse kick (full body twist)

Yoko-geri-kekomi = Side thrust kick

Yoko-geri-keage = Side snap kick

Tournament Terms.

 

Aka = Red

Shiro = White

Shobu-ippon = Victory to one point

Yoi = Attention, prepare!

Hajime = Start/begin

Yame = Stop

Tsuzukete = Continue, fight on

Shugo = Meeting, Judge call

Waza-ari = Half point

Ippon = Full point

Chui = Warning

Ai-uchi = Simultaneous techniques

Hanzoku-chui = Warning for violation of rules

Skik-ka-ku = Disqualification

Jogai = Out of fighting area

Jogai chui = Warning for out of area

Toremasen = Unacceptable to score

Hantei = Decision, judgment

No kachi = Victory/Winner

Hikiwake = Draw

Enchosen = Extension of fight

 

 

 

Techniques. - Waza

 

Ken = Fist

Ippon-ken = 1st knuckle strike

Nakadaka ippon ken = 2nd knuckle strike

Uraken = Back fist

Tettsui = Iron hammer

Shuto = Sword hand

Haito = Sword ridge hand, thumb side

Kakuto = Crane head

Nukite = Spear hand

Nihon nukite = Two finger spear hand

Teisho uchi = Palm heel strike

Koko = Tiger mouth

 

 

Smashing Techniques. - Ate waza

 

 

Mawashi empi = Roundhouse elbow

Yoko empi = Sideways elbow

Ushiro empi = Backwards elbow

Otoshi empi = Downward elbow

Tate empi - Age empi = Vertical elbow (Rising elbow)

 

 

 

Counting.

 

1 = Ichi

2 = Ni

3 = San

4 = Shi

5 = Go

6 = Roku

7 = Shichi

8 = Hachi

9 = Kyu

10 = Ju

20 = Ni-ju

30 = San-ju

100 = Hyaku

 

 

 

Stances.

 

 

Fudo dachi = Immovable stance

Kokutsu dachi = Back stance

Zenkutsu dachi = Front stance

Kiba dachi = Horse riding stance

Musubi dachi = United stance

Sanchin dachi = Hourglass stance

Sochin dachi = Calm stance

Neko-ashi dachi = Cat foot stance

 

 

 

Miscellaneous Terms.

 

 

Kihon = Basic Training

Kata = Set form

Bunkai = Analysis

Gohon Kumite = 5 Step sparring

Sanbon Kumite = 3 Step sparring

Kihon Ippon Kumite = 1 Step sparring, basic

Jiju ippon kumite = Freestyle sparring 1 step

Yoi = Attention

Yame = Stop

Hajiame = Start

Mawatte = Turn

Important Terms.

In the Dojo.

Punches.

Blocks.

Kicking Techniques.

Tournament Terms.

Techniques.

Smashing Techniques.

Counting.

Stances.

Miscellaneous Terms.

 

 

Important Terms.

Enbusen = Performance Line of kata

Kyu = Rank or student grade

Dan = Step, rank and instructor grade.

Rei = Bow

Sensei Ni Rei = Salutation to the instructor

Sempai Ni Rei = Salutation to each other

Budo = "The Martial Arts"

Karate-do = The art of karate

Karateka = Person who practices karate-do

Dojo = Place of the way, Training Room

Kiai = Ki-ai, The Kiai = Spirit

together, combined

Oss = The word of words.

Zanshin = Remaining spirit

 

 

 

In the Dojo.

 

Sensei = Teacher, Instructor

Shihan = Master, instructor of higher rank.

Sempai =One's Senior

Gi or Dogi = outfit, Karate suit

Mokuso  = Meditation

Seiza = Sit straight, on ones heels

 

 

Punches.

Age-zuki = Rising punch

Choku-zuki = Straight punch

Gyaku-zuki = Reverse punch

Jun-zuki = Follow punch

Kagi-zuki = Hook Punch

Kizami-zuki = Jab punch, lunge jab

Morote-zuki = Double fisted punch

Mawashi-zuki = Roundhouse punch

Oi-zuki = Pursuing punch, lunge punch

Tate-zuki = Vertical punch, Thumb upwards

Ura-zuki = Uppercut

Yumi-zuki = Bow punch

Yama-zuki = Mountain punch

 

 

 

Blocks. - Uke waza

 

 

Age-uke = Rising block

Haiwan-uke = Block with back of forearm

Gedan-barai = Low block

Haito-uke = Sword ridge block thumb side

Haishu-uke = Back hand block

Morote-uke = Double arm block reinforced

Hiji-barai = Elbow sweeping block

Jiju-uke = Cross block

Kakiwake-uke = Push aside block

Kakuto = Crane head block

Otoshi = Dropping block

Shuto-uke = Sword hand block

Soto-ude-uke = Outside inside block

Uchi-ude-uke = Inside outside block

Yama-uke = Mountain Block

 

 

 

Kicking Techniques. - Keri/Geri waza

 

Ashi-barai = Foot sweep

Fumikomi = Stamping kick

Hiza-geri = Knee kick

Mae-geri = Front kick

Mawashi-geri = Roundhouse kick

Ren-geri = Alternate kicking

Mae-tobi-geri = Jumping front kick

Ushiro-geri = Back kick

Ura-mawashi-geri = Reverse side roundhouse kick

Ushiro-mawashi-geri = Backwards roundhouse kick (full body twist)

Yoko-geri-kekomi = Side thrust kick

Yoko-geri-keage = Side snap kick

Tournament Terms.

 

Aka = Red

Shiro = White

Shobu-ippon = Victory to one point

Yoi = Attention, prepare!

Hajime = Start/begin

Yame = Stop

Tsuzukete = Continue, fight on

Shugo = Meeting, Judge call

Waza-ari = Half point

Ippon = Full point

Chui = Warning

Ai-uchi = Simultaneous techniques

Hanzoku-chui = Warning for violation of rules

Skik-ka-ku = Disqualification

Jogai = Out of fighting area

Jogai chui = Warning for out of area

Toremasen = Unacceptable to score

Hantei = Decision, judgment

No kachi = Victory/Winner

Hikiwake = Draw

Enchosen = Extension of fight

 

 

 

Techniques. - Waza

 

Ken = Fist

Ippon-ken = 1st knuckle strike

Nakadaka ippon ken = 2nd knuckle strike

Uraken = Back fist

Tettsui = Iron hammer

Shuto = Sword hand

Haito = Sword ridge hand, thumb side

Kakuto = Crane head

Nukite = Spear hand

Nihon nukite = Two finger spear hand

Teisho uchi = Palm heel strike

Koko = Tiger mouth

 

 

Smashing Techniques. - Ate waza

 

 

Mawashi empi = Roundhouse elbow

Yoko empi = Sideways elbow

Ushiro empi = Backwards elbow

Otoshi empi = Downward elbow

Tate empi - Age empi = Vertical elbow (Rising elbow)

 

 

 

Counting.

 

1 = Ichi

2 = Ni

3 = San

4 = Shi

5 = Go

6 = Roku

7 = Shichi

8 = Hachi

9 = Kyu

10 = Ju

20 = Ni-ju

30 = San-ju

100 = Hyaku

 

 

 

Stances.

 

 

Fudo dachi = Immovable stance

Kokutsu dachi = Back stance

Zenkutsu dachi = Front stance

Kiba dachi = Horse riding stance

Musubi dachi = United stance

Sanchin dachi = Hourglass stance

Sochin dachi = Calm stance

Neko-ashi dachi = Cat foot stance

 

 

 

Miscellaneous Terms.

 

 

Kihon = Basic Training

Kata = Set form

Bunkai = Analysis

Gohon Kumite = 5 Step sparring

Sanbon Kumite = 3 Step sparring

Kihon Ippon Kumite = 1 Step sparring, basic

Jiju ippon kumite = Freestyle sparring 1 step

Yoi = Attention

Yame = Stop

Hajiame = Start

Mawatte = Turn

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